Nowadays diary breeding remains one of the leading subindustries in stock breeding and its development is essential to ensure food security of the region and of the country as a whole.
Dairy farming in the Samara region is represented mainly by small households (42%) and agricultural organizations (31%). This trend is not very convenient for processing enterprises, as in personal subsidiary plots milk production and marketability of milk are traditionally low.
To meet domestic demand, the region lacks about 192 thousand tons of milk. Processors are forced to import the missing raw materials from Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Mordovia, Chuvashia, Saratov, Ulyanovsk and Orenburg regions.
The planned capacity of the dairy complex will be about 20 thousand tons per year of raw milk, which in the future will be able to partially compensate for the regional shortage in dairy raw materials.
The specifics of the project
The concept of the project implies the parallel development of two agricultural areas:
- Organization of the process of growing crop products in order to form a forage base for the livelihoods of the herd of the livestock complex, as well as further consolidation of agricultural land;
- Design and construction of breeding complex for 2400 dairy herds and organization of high-quality milk production, own reproduction of young animals, ensuring physiologically optimal keeping and feeding of the herdand the start of its operation.
In 2017, the Corporation began to enter land into agricultural circulation and prepare for growing crops for the subsequent provision of the livestock complex with its own feed base. А special purpose vehicle (Eхperimental and Production Agricultural Company "Pokrovskoe" LLC) was created for the implementation of the project.
It is supposed to form a milking herd with the cows of Holstein breed, the main features of which are as follows:
- High average service period – 155 days;
- Duration of interlactation period – 61 days;
- High milk yields – more than 7,5 thousand kg/year.
Using advanced technologies will allow getting the milk of the highest quality at a relatively low cost of production.
The Corporation with the assistance of the world’s leading manufacturer of equipment for dairy units (GEA Farm Technologies) has developed and agreed with the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Samara region the technical plan of the project. Technological solutions used in the industry and aimed at reduction of capital costs and the increase of operating efficiency were substantially improved. The advantage of the project is the system of internal herd reproduction. Technological solutions related to the holding, feeding and veterinarian support of growing young stock will ensure the maximum safety of a herd and the computerized system for the herd management will allow efficient monitoring of cows health.
The Corporation formalized the ownership of land plots with the total area of more than 8 thousand ha in order to place there the main production and to establish a forage base. It is planned to purchase some additional plots of land for forage base.
In order to fully provide the stock breeding complex with forage, the Corporation attracted some subject matter experts who calculated the amount of forage and developed the crop planting plan with the use of advanced technologies in agriculture. The necessary agricultural equipment was purchased, including through preferential leasing, high-quality seeds and plant protection products, which ensured the effective introduction of land into agricultural circulation. Work on the raising of fallow lands continues, 9.1 thousand hectares are cultivated, including all growing crops.
The group of companies Danone, which has a long and successful cooperation with the Samara region, has expressed an interest in the project. In particular, the specialists of the complex will take training in Independent nonprofit organization of the development of raw milk production “Milk Business Academy”.