Nowadays diary breeding remains one of the leading subindustries in stock breeding and its development is essential to ensure food security of the region and of the country as a whole.
According to estimation of Dairynews analysts, following the results of 2014 the shortage of raw milk in Russia was about 7.2million tons. The leading manufacturer of milk in the Russian Federation is Privolzhsky Federal District (PFD) where agricultural organizations produced around 4.58 million tons of milk in 2014.
The share of the region in the total cow population of PFD’s agricultural organizations is 5%, the share in production of raw milk by PFD’s agricultural organizations is 4%. According to Rosstat, the volume of raw milk produced by agricultural organizations of the Samara region in 2014 was 146 thousand tons. The main consumer of raw milk is a dairy industry. As of the beginning of 2015, 6 dairy factories were operating in the Samara region and they processed 214.8 thousand tons of raw milk in 2014 (36% of which were brought from the other regions). According to the expert estimate, the shortage of raw milk in the regional market is closely linked to two factors: actual use of production capacities of dairy factories and the amount of raw milk delivered for processing from the other regions. Taking these facts into consideration, it may be noted that the minimal shortage rate of raw milk in the Samara region market may be about 77 thousand tons (it is the amount of milk delivered for processing to the factories of the Samara region). The maximum shortage level of raw milk in the Samara region market may be estimated as 260 thousand tons, considering the actual use of the production capacities of the regional dairy factories.
The specifics of the project
It is envisaged that two components of the project will be implemented:
- Establishing of a forage base;
- Design and construction of breeding complex and the start of its operation;
It is supposed to form a milking herd with the cows of Holstein breed, the main features of which are as follows:
- High average service period – 155 days;
- Duration of interlactation period – 61 days;
- High milk yields – more than 7,5 thousand kg/year.
Using advanced technologies will allow getting the milk of the highest quality at a relatively low cost of production.
The Corporation with the assistance of the world’s leading manufacturer of equipment for dairy units (GEA Farm Technologies) has developed and agreed with the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Samara region the technical plan of the project. Technological solutions used in the industry and aimed at reduction of capital costs and the increase of operating efficiency were substantially improved. The advantage of the project is the system of internal herd reproduction. Technological solutions related to the holding, feeding and veterinarian support of growing young stock will ensure the maximum safety of a herd and the computerized system for the herd management will allow efficient monitoring of cows health.
The Corporation formalized the ownership of land plots with the total area of more than 8 thousand ha in order to place there the main production and to establish a forage base. It is planned to purchase some additional plots of land for forage base and for construction of an administrative building.
In order to fully provide the stock breeding complex with forage, the Corporation attracted some subject matter experts who calculated the amount of forage and developed the crop planting plan with the use of advanced technologies in agriculture. With the aim of preparation for sowing season of 2016 it is planned to purchase the necessary agricultural machinery.
The group of companies Danone, which has a long and successful cooperation with the Samara region, has expressed an interest in the project. In particular, the specialists of the complex will take training in Independent nonprofit organization of the development of raw milk production “Milk Business Academy”.